PCOS acronym of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a hormonal disorder among women. This condition generally occurs during the reproductive years. The menstrual cycle becomes irregular and the male hormone androgen levels increase. Due to high androgen levels, the ovaries develop fluid called follicles/ cysts and do not release eggs on time.
An estimate of around 1 in 5 women suffers from PCOS in India. The major reason for PCOS is unknown, but lifestyle and eating habits play a major role in controlling PCOS. PCOS is genetic and can pass on to generations. Women with PCOS have difficulty in conceiving, excessive hair growth on the chest, belly, or face, excessive acne-related issues, obesity issues, diabetic’s issues, thyroid, sleep apnea, and high blood pressure.
Some of the symptoms start occurring as soon as adolescence/ puberty start. These early signs and imbalanced hormones develop several changes in the body. If diagnosed early, treatment can control PCOS and help make a balance in hormones and PCOS-related problems in the body Lifestyle change, weight loss, exercise along medication helps control the hormones and PCOS in any patient. These changes bring androgen secretion under control, hence regulating periods.
All medicine does not work similarly in every patient’s body; hence there are a series of treatments available that vary from patient to patient based on the severity of PCOS and suitability. Women who are having difficulties conceiving may resort to various other methods such as surrogacy and IVF.