In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) are two of the most common and more importantly, most successful fertilization techniques. Both have their own advantages and drawbacks. Here’s the difference between both.
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI):
Procedure: On the fourteenth day of the cycle, a concentrated solution containing sperm is placed in the uterus, enabling fertilisation to occur.
- In the process fertilisation occurs in the body.
- The chance of the sperm fertilising the ovum is increased by over 1000 times owing to the proximity pf the eggs and sperm.
- Although the process is simpler than IVF, the chances of success is slightly lower since this process needs working ovaries, viable fallopian tubes and motile sperm.
- This process is less invasive and more cost effective than IVF.
Procedure: Medication is provided to allow for multiple eggs to mature. The egg is extracted and fertilised outside the body. Once the eggs are fertilized, embryos are formed and these are implanted into the mother’s uterus.
- The process of fertilization occurs outside the body.
- This process is particularly useful in women with fallopian tube issues, as the egg need not pass through the fallopian tube.
- While it is invasive and expensive, the rates of success are significantly higher.
Your choice of treatment ultimately depends on the condition being experienced. Consult fertility experts and get their opinion before taking a call on the type of treatment.